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A multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2/3 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pyronaridine-artesunate (Artecom®) in COVID-19 patients

PHRR210126-003274

SP-PA-COV-203, 2020-CT0575

2020-CT0575

A multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2/3 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pyronaridine-artesunate (Artecom®) in COVID-19 patients

In Stage 1, the trial will be conducted in 20 participants for 28 days in a single-arm, open-label design. Artecom® will be administered orally once a day for 3 consecutive days. All subjects will be evaluated for efficacy and safety for 28 days.

After the completion of the final participant in Stage 1, the DSMB will review the safety data from Stage 1 and determine whether to proceed to Stage 2.

In Stage 2, a total of 382 participants will be enrolled and randomized in a double-blinded manner to receive either Artecom® or placebo (1:1 ratio) orally once a day for 3 consecutive days. All subjects will be evaluated for efficacy and safety for 28 days.

A second DSMB meeting and review of all available blinded safety data will occur after 191 participants have completed Day 28. A final DSMB meeting will be held after the completion of a study assessment by the last participant.

Start Date Duration in Months Target Completion Date Actual Completion Date
2021-02-15 14 2022-04-15 0000-00-00

Ongoing

Institution Classification Region LTO #
Shin Poong Pharma Co., Ltd. Private Business South Korea
Institution Classification Region LTO #
Novotech (Australia) Pty. Ltd. - Philippine Branch Private Business NCR 3000006702080
Institution Region
Shin Poong Pharm. Co., Ltd. South Korea
Name E-Mail Institution and Institution Address
Jennifer Olive B. Arellano jenny.arellano@novotech -cro.com 5th Floor, Rockwel Business Tower 1 , Rockwell Business Center, Ortigas Avenue Barangay Ugong, Pasig City 1604
Name E-Mail Institution and Institution Address
Kenil Ghorecha kenil.ghorecha@novotech-cro.com Bangalore,India
Name Expertise Affiliation
Belen Lardizabal-Dofitas, MD Dermatologoist, Clinical Epidemiologist University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital, Department of Dermatology
Evalyn A. Roxas, MD Infectious Disease University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital
Marites Cayetano Nepomuceno Clinical University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital
Project Location Institutional Ethics Review Board
University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital, Department of Dermatology N/A
University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital N/A
University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital N/A

COVID 19

The proportion of participants with clinical improvement as defined by an improvement of categories on the WHO Ordinal Scale of clinical status until Days 28. [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

* WHO Ordinal scale:

       0. No clinical or virological evidence of infection

  1. Limitation of activities
  2. Hospitalized, no oxygen therapy
  3. Oxygen by mask or nasal prongs
  4. Non-invasive ventilation or high-flow oxygen
  5. Intubation and mechanical ventilation
  6. Ventilation + additional organ support - Pressers, Renal replacement therapy (RRT), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
  7. Death

  • Time to clinical improvement was defined as the time from randomization to an improvement of categories on the WHO Ordinal Scale of clinical status. [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

Clinical improvement within 28 days Since start of treatment, defined as a decrease of at least 2 points from a baseline of a nine-point WHO ordinal scale.

  • Changes in the WHO Ordinal Scale for Clinical Improvement until Days 28 compared to Baseline. [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

Compare statistical results of an increase or decrease in a nine-point WHO ordinal scale between two groups.

  • Changes in National Early Warning Score (NEWS) until Days 28 compared to Baseline. [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

NEWS determines the degree of illness of a patient and promotes critical care intervention. The score range from 0-20, with a higher score representing higher risk of morbidity. Compare statistical results of an increase or decrease in NEWS between two groups.

  • The proportion of participants with negative for COVID-19 as determined by real-time RT-PCR test until Days 14. [ Time Frame: follows up to 14 days ]

The proportion of subjects who are RT-PCR negative for COVID-19

  • Changes in viral load until Days 14 compared to Baseline. [ Time Frame: follows up to 14 days ]

Viral load reduction of COVID-19 until Days 14 compared to the baseline.

  • The time to body temperature normalization after the administration of investigational Product (IP). [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

Maintaining underarm ≤36.7 °C, or oral ≤36.9°C, or rectal ≤37.3°C, or eardrum ≤37.2°C, for at least 24 hours without administering fever reducing medication after the administration of IP.

  • The time to respiratory rate normalization after the administration of IP. [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

Maintain 12/min ≤ respiratory rate ≤ 20/min for at least 24 hours.

  • The time to oxygen saturation (SpO2) normalization after the administration of IP. [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

SpO2 ≥95% for at least 24 hours.

  • The mortality rate at Day 28. [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]

Compare the mortality rate between the two groups.

  • Duration of hospitalization (Day 1 to Day 28). [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

The number of days the subject from the start of treatment to hospital discharge.

  • The incidence of adverse events (AEs). [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

The incidence rate of adverse events

  • The incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs). [ Time Frame: follows up to 28 days ]

The incidence rate of serious adverse events

Recruiting

Clinical Trial

SP-PA-COV-203, 2020-CT0575

Unspecified

2021-01-05

2021-02-04

402

402

Unspecified

2021-07-13

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male and female adults age (≥19 years at the time of informed consent)
  2. Bodyweight (≥ 45 kg at Screening)
  3. Participants must be confirmed as having COVID-19 using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test and specimens collected from the upper airway (nasopharyngeal specimen) within 96 hours prior to randomization.
  4. Females must be non-pregnant and non-lactating and must use an acceptable, highly effective double contraception from Screening until study completion, including the follow-up period. Males must be surgically sterile (>30 days since vasectomy with no viable sperm), abstinent, or if engaged in sexual relations with a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), the participant and his partner must be surgically sterile (e.g., tubal occlusion, hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, bilateral oophorectomy) or using an acceptable, highly effective contraceptive method from Screening until study completion, including the follow-up period.
  • Hormonal contraception (with approved oral contraceptives, long-acting implantable hormones, injectable hormones), intrauterine device, condoms, sterilization (vasectomy, tubal occlusion, etc.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants with clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including arrhythmia, corrected QT interval prolongation [QTcF> 470 msec for females, or >450 msec for males, at Screening])
  2. Participants with clinically significant anemia (Hemoglobin
  3. Participants who have hypersensitivity to main ingredients (pyronaridine tetraphosphate, artesunate) and any excipient in the IP
  4. Participants who have gastrointestinal disease or surgical participant that may affect absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of drugs, current active gastritis, gastrointestinal /rectal bleeding, gastric ulcers, pancreatic abnormalities such as pancreatitis, etc. (simple appendectomy or hernia surgery not excluded)
  5. Participants who have received antiviral drugs for the treatment of COVID-19 infection or other indications within 28 days prior to participation in the study or who have not had sufficient wash-out period of the antiviral drugs
  6. Participants with severe renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤30 mL/min/1.73 m2)
  7. Participants with severe hepatic impairment (Alanine aminotransferase or Aspartate aminotransferase ≥5x upper limit of normal) or have symptoms of abdominal pain or vomiting associated with Jaundice or Child-Pugh Stage B or C
  8. Viral infections other than COVID-19 that requires administration of other antiviral agents (for example but not limited to human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus)
  9. Participants requiring mechanical ventilation (e.g. non-invasive ventilation, invasive mechanical ventilation, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation etc.). However, those who can be given oral administration are not excluded.
  10. Participants with chronic underlying diseases (such as uncontrolled diabetes, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver disease, chronic lung disease [including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and tuberculosis], chronic cardiovascular disease, blood cancer, cancer participants with anti-cancer treatment, participants taking immunosuppressants, etc.), participants with high obesity (BMI > 40), dialysis participants, transplant participants whom are inadequate to participate in clinical trials based on the Investigator's discretion.
  11. Pregnant or lactating at Screening or planning to become pregnant (self or partner) at any time during the study, including the follow-up period.
  12. Participants who participated in another clinical trial / medical device clinical trial within 28 days from the date of signing the consent and received drug / operated medical device for clinical trial.
  13. Participants who the Investigator has deemed inappropriate for inclusion in this study for any other reason.

Prior or ongoing medical conditions, medical history, physical findings, or laboratory abnormality that, in the Investigator's (or delegate's) opinion, could adversely affect the safety of the participant

Interventional

A multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2/3 clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pyronaridine-artesunate (Artecom®) in COVID-19 patients

Unspecified

None

Randomized

Double Blind

This is not applicable.

Parallel

Treatment

 

Phase II/III

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